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Posts Tagged ‘theology’

St. HermengildFeastday: April 13

Patron of Seville, Spain
Died: 586

Saint Hermengild was the Prince of Visigothic Spain, and martyr. He was the son of Leovigild the Visigoth, king of Spain, and was raised as an Arian. He fell out with his father in 579, then revolted the following year.

During his rebellion, he converted from Arian Christianity to Roman Catholicism. His wife, Indegundis, converted him from that heresy, which brought about his disinheritance by Leovigild and his defeat at Seville, Spain, by his father.

When Hermenegild refused to accept Arianism, he was axed to death. He was martyred on April 13, 586. His feast is now confined to local calendars.

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Feastday: October 13

Saint Edward was born in Islip, England to King Ethelred III and his wife Emma who was the daughter of the Duke of Normandy. He was sent to Normandy in 1013 with his mother when the Danes under the leadership of Canute invaded England. Canute then married his mother Emma after the death of King Ethelred in 1016 and himself became the King.

Saint Edward however remained in Normandy and was brought up a Norman but returned to England in 1042 after the death of his step brother (son of Canute and Emma) to become the king of England.

He married Godwin’s daughter Edith in 1044. His reign was a peaceful one characterized by his good rule and remission of odious taxes, but also by the struggle, partly caused by his natural inclination to favor the Normans.

Saint Edward had brought with him Robert of Jumieges when he returned to England and whom he named Archbishop of Canterbury in 1051.

Edward faced difficulties from Godwin’s sons (Harold and Tostig) to determine his successor as Edward was childless. Edward however name Harold his successor and banished Tostig to Europe.

After this Edward became more interested in religious affairs and built St. Peter’s Abbey at Westminster, where he is buried. His piety gained him the surname “the Confessor”. He died in London on January 5, and he was canonized in 1161 by Pope Alexander III. His feast day is October 13.

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Feastday: March 25

Saint Dismas (the Penitent thief ), also known as the Thief on the Cross or the Good Thief, is one of the two thieves crucified with Christ on Calvary. The other thief is known as Gestas. He asked Jesus to remember him in his kingdom

A completely unsubstantiated myth from the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy that enjoyed great popularity in the West during the Middle Ages had two thieves who held up the Holy Family on the way to Egypt. Dismas bought off Gestas with forty drachmas to leave them unmolested, whereupon the Infant predicted that they would be crucified with Him in Jerusalem, and that Dismas would accompany Him to Paradise.

He was never formally canonized by the Catholic Church though he is regarded as a saint by virtue of Jesus saying he would be in Paradise, and by local church traditions as Saint Dismas (sometimes spelled “Dysmas” or in Spanish “Dimas”). The name Dismas for this thief may date back to the 4th century.

He is also regarded as the patron Saint of thieves. The feast of St. Dismas is on the 25th of March.

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Feastday: March 18

Patron of Mantua

1036 – 1086

St. Anselm, born in Milan, a native of Mantua, Italy, was such a firm opponent of the corrupt practice of lay investiture that for several years he refused to accept appointment to the episcopacy of Lucca, because it would have required him to receive his investiture from the emperor Henry IV. But after being consecrated bishop of Lucca by Pope Saint Gregory VII, Anselm served in his diocese with great zeal while observing monastic piety in his spiritual life.

Celebrating daily Mass with tearful devotion, he spent several hours each day in prayer. In accordance with the ecclesiastical reforms championed by Pope Gregory, Anselm mandated the restoration of ecclesiastical discipline among the canons of his cathedral. But the canons were so attached to their dissolute habits that they rebelled, and expelled the bishop from the city.

Anselm was later appointed papal legate to Lombardy. He was so skilled in scripture studies that for any given biblical text he was able to repeat from memory all the principal explanations of that passage given by the Church Fathers.

Anselm was well versed in Scripture and wrote some important works attacking lay investiture and defending Pope Gregory against Antipope Guibert. He spent his last years assembling a collection of ecclesiastical law canons in 13 books, which formed the earliest of the collections of canons supporting the Gregorian reforms, which afterwards were incorporated into the well-known Decretum of the jurist Gratian.

He died in Mantua on March 18, 1086, and is regarded as the patron saint of that city.

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