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Posts Tagged ‘monk’

St. Anthony the HermitFeastday: December 28

Saint Anthony was born in 468 at Valeria (now Balkans) in Lower Pannonia. When he was eight years old, his father died and he was first entrusted to the care of St. Severinus. After the death of Severinus, an uncle, Bishop Constantius of Lorsch in Bavaria took charge of his upbringing.

While in Bavaria, Anthony became a monk. He returned to Italy in 488 and joined the cleric Marius and his companions as a hermit at Lake Como. He was eventually joined by numerous disciples seeking to emulate his holiness and he chose to seek greater solitude in Gaul.

Anthony then went to Lerins in Gaul and became a monk there. However, he lived only two years at Lerins before his death, renowned for his miracles and spirituality.

His feastday is on December 28 and is venerated by both the Western Rite Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.

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St. InigoFeastday: June 1

Died: 1057

Saint Inigo, also known as Eneco was born in the eleventh century, in Bilbao, Spain. Early in his life he became a hermit. Next he went to Aragon where he became a monk at San Juan de Pena and eventually he was elected Prior.

When his term was completed, Inigo again took up the life of a hermit in the Aragon mountains. However, in 1029, King Sancho the Great convinced Inigo to become Abbot of a group of monks in a monastery at Ona. The monastery, founded by Sancho’s father-in-law, was in need of reform, and he wanted Inigo to lead the process.

Inigo was very successful in the reform movement, and he developed a reputation as a peacemaker. Moreover, some attributed miracles to his intercession.

He died at Ona on June 1, 1057, and was canonized by Pope Alexander IV in 1259.

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Feastday: April 20

When St. Mamertinus was Abbot of the monastery which St. Germanus had founded at Auxerre, there came to him a young man called Marcian (also known as Marian), a fugitive from Bourges then occupied by the Visigoths. St. Mamertinus gave him the habit, and the novice edified all his piety and obedience.

The Abbot, wishing to test him, gave him the lowest possible post – that of cowman and shepherd in the Abbey farm at Merille. Marcian accepted the work cheerfully, and it was noticed that the beast under his charge throve and multified astonishingly. He seemed to have a strange power over all animals. The birds flocked to eat out of his hands: bears and wolves departed at his command; and when a hunted wild boar fled to him for protection, he defended it from its assailants and set it free.

After his death, the Abbey took the name of the humble monk. His feast day is April 20th.

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St. FillanFeastday: January 19

Saint Fillan was the son of Feriach and grandson ofthe King of Leinster and his mother was St. Kentigerna Irish princess. He became a monk in his youth and accompanied his mother from Ireland to Scotland where he lived as a hermit near St. Andrew’s monastery for many years.

He was then was elected abbot. He later resigned and resumed his eremitical life at Glendochart, Pertchire, where he built a church and was reknowned for his miracles. His original chapel was up river, slightly northwest of the abbey and adjacent to a deep body of water which became known as St. Fillan’s Pool.

Various legends attribute the most extravagant miracles to him, such as the one in which his prayers caused a wolf that had killed the ox he was using to drag materials to the church he was building, to take the ox’s place.

St. Fillan died on January 19. His feast day is January 19.

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Feastday: July 14

1029 – 1093

Ulrich was born at Regensburg in Bavaria (formerly also known as Ratisbon) in early 1029. His parents were Bernhold and Bucca, niece of Bishop Gebhard II of Regensburg.

He became a page at the court of Empress Agnes but opted for the religious life. He was ordained a deacon by his uncle, Bishop Nidger of Freising, and became Archdeacon and provost of the Cathedral.

When he found that his position had been filled while he was on a pilgrimage to Rome and Jerusalem, he became a Benedictine monk at Cluny in 1052. He was ordained, was named chaplain to the nuns at Mareigny, but resigned when he lost the sight of an eye and then returned to Cluny.

He served as Prior at Peterlingen, was founding Friar of Ruggersberg Priory, but returned to Cluny, when he opposed Bishop Burchard of Lausanne for his support of Henry IV against the Pope. He was founding Abbot of the monastery at Zell in the Black Forest and of a convent at nearby Bollschweil.

He became totally blind in 1091 and died two years later, on July 10, 1093 at Augsburg. He was the author of Consuetudines cluniacences, on the liturgy and the direction of monasteries and novices. He was buried in the cloister, but three years later his body was brought into the church.

His feast was celebrated for the first time on 14 July 1139, and 14 July remains his feast day.

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Feastday: May 19

Pope Saint Celestine V (1215 – 19 May 1296), born Pietro Angelerio, also known as Pietro da Morrone (Peter), was elected Pope in the year 1294 in the last non-conclave papal election in the history of the Roman Catholic Church.

When the father of this Italian saint died, his good mother brought up her twelve children well, even though they were very poor. Once when she asked her children, “which one of you is going to become a saint?” little Peter (who was to become Pope Celestine) answered with all his heart, “Me, mama! I’ll become a saint!” And he did.

He became a Benedictine monk at Faifoli in the Diocese of Benevento when he was 17. When he was twenty, Peter became a hermit and spent his days praying and reading the Holy Bible. Because other hermits kept coming to him and begging him to guide them, he started a new Order.

Peter was an old monk, eighty-four years of age when he was made Pope. It came about in a very unusual way. For two years, there had been no Pope, because the Cardinals could not decide whom to choose. After being forced to chose a pope, St Celestine was chosen. He wept when he heard the news, but he sorrowfully accepted and took the name Celestine V.

He was Pope only about five months. Because he was so humble and simple, everyone took advantage of him. He could not say “no” to anyone, and soon matters were in great confusion. At last, the Saint decided that he had better give up his position as Pope. He did so and then threw himself at the feet of the Cardinals for not having been capable of governing the Church.

St. Celestine hoped to live in one of his monasteries in peace. But the new Pope thought it would be safer to keep him where wicked people could not take advantage of him. The saint was put in a cell and died there. His feast day is May 19th.

Pope Clement V canonized Celestine in 1313 at the urging of King Philip IV of France. St Celestine is notable for having abdicated the papacy. Despite his brief papacy, Celestine V is recognized by the Church as a saint. No subsequent pope has taken the name Celestine.

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Feastday: April 15

482 – 565

┬áSaint Paternus of Avranches in Normandy (482-565) in Poitiers, Poitou. He was born into a Christian family. His father Patranus went to Ireland to spend his days as a hermit in holy solitude. Because of this, Paternus embraced religious life. He followed his father’s path by becoming a hermit in Wales. He became a monk at the Abbey of Marnes in France.

He founded the monastery in Wales at the great church of Paternus, and became a bishop of that region. He was known for his preaching, charity and mortifications. Before long, he wished to attain the perfection of Christian virtue by a life of penance in solitude. He went into solitude with his fellow monk, Saint Scubilion. The forest of Seicy in the diocese of Coutances was the place he became a hermit.

Together with St Scubilion he evangelized the western coasts and established several monasteries of which he was made the abbot general.

His feast day is April 16.

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