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Posts Tagged ‘England’

Feastday: March 9

Died: 705

From catholic.org

Saint Bosa was a Benedictine monk at Whitby, England in a monastery ruled by St. Hilda. In 678, he was consecrated a bishop by St. Theodore.

He was involved in St. Wilfrid’s refusal to accept the division of the see of York. Saint Bosa became the bishop in 691, when Wilfrid was exiled by King Aldfrid.

St. Bede called Bosa a man of unusual merit and sanctity, “a man beloved of God.”

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Feastday: February 2

Died: 619

Very little is known about him. St. Lawrence was the Archbishop of Canterbury, England, sent there by Pope St. Gregory I the Great.

A Benedictine, St. Lawrence accompanied St. Augustine to Canterbury in 597 and succeeded him as archbishop in 604. When the Britons lapsed into pagan customs, he planned to return to France, but in a dream he was rebuked by St. Peter for abandoning his flock. H

e remained in his see and converted the local ruler King Edbald to the faith.

He died in Canterbury on February 2.

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St. HildaFeastday: November 17

614 – 680

Early Life:
Saint Hilda was the daughter of a king of Northumbria, England, and is considered one of England’s greatest women. She was born in Bamburgh Castle, Northumberland. She was baptized by St. Paulinus along the king and all his court.

Monastery:
At age thirty three Hilda entered Chelles Monastery in France, where her sister was a nun. At the request of St. Aidan, she returned to Northumbria and became abbess of Hartlepool.

Teaching:
In time she became the head of the double monastery of Streaneschalch, at Whitby. She trained five bishops, convened the Council of Whitby, and encouraged the poet Caedmon.

Death:
Hilda suffered from a fever for the last six years of her life, but she continued to work until her death on November 17th, 680AD.

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St. AccaFeastday: October 20

660 – 742

Saint Acca was born in Northumbria, England, and was educated in the company of St. Bosa, a Benedictine apostle of great courage. He also met St. Wilfrid, who appointed him the abbot of St. Andrew’s Monastery in Hexham, England.

When St. Wilfred died in 709, St. Acca succeeded him as the bishop of Hexham. He spent his monastic and episcopal years erecting parish churches in the area. He also introduced Christian arts and promoted learning.

Saint Acca was later driven out of Hexham in 732. He retired to a hermitage in Withern, in Galloway. Just before his death in 742 he returned to Hexham and was unanimously revered.
His feast day is October 20.

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St. Thomas GarnetFrom catholic.org

Feastday: June 23
1575 – 1608

Saint Thomas Garnet was a English Jesuit martyr. He was born in Southwark, England, and studied for the priesthood at St. Omer, France, and Valladolid, Spain. He is the nephew of the Jesuit Henry Garnet.

Initially ordained as a secular priest, he joined the Jesuits in 1604 and worked to advance the Catholic cause in Warwick until his arrest in 1606.

He was exiled after months of torture but returned in 1607 and was soon arrested. He was hanged at Tyburn.

Beatified in 1929, he was canonized in 1970 and is included among the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

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St. Edmund CampionFeastday: December 1

Saint Edmund was born in London. He was raised a Catholic and given a scholarship to St. John’s College, Oxford, when fifteen. His brilliance attracted the attention of leading people such as the Earl of Leicester, Robert Cecil, and even Queen Elizabeth.

He took the Oath of Supremacy acknowledging Elizabeth head of the church in England and became an Anglican deacon in 1564. Doubts about Protestanism increasingly beset him, and in 1569 he went to Ireland where further study convinced him he had been in error, and he returned to Catholicism.

Forced to flee the persecution unleashed on Catholics by the excommunication of Elizabeth by Pope Pius V, he went to Douai, France, where he studied theology, joined the Jesuits, and then went to Brno, Bohemia, the following year for his novitiate. He taught at the college of Prague and in 1578 was ordained there.

He and Father Robert Persons were the first Jesuits chosen for the English mission and were sent to England in 1580. His activities among the Catholics, the distribution of his Decem rationes at the University Church in Oxford, and the premature publication of his famous Brag (which he had written to present his case if he was captured) made him the object of one of the most intensive manhunts in English history.

He was betrayed at Lyford, near Oxford, imprisoned in the Tower of London, and when he refused to apostatize when offered rich inducements to do so, was tortured and then hanged on December 1.

He was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as one of the forty English and Welsh Martyrs. His feast day is December 1.

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Feastday: February 4

1083 – 1190

Saint Gilbert of Sempringham (1083 – 4 February 1190) was born at Sempringham, England, son of Jocelin, a wealthy Norman knight. He was sent to France to study and returned to England to receive the benefices of Sempringham and Tirington from his father. He became a clerk in the household of Bishop Robert Bloet of Lincoln and was ordained by Robert’s successor, Alexander.

He returned to Sempringham as Lord on the death of his father in 1131. In the same year he began acting as adviser for a group of seven young women living in enclosure with lay sisters and brothers and decided the community should be incorporated into an established religious order.

After several new foundations were established, Gilbert went to Citeaux in 1148 to ask the Cistercians to take over the Community. When the Cistercians declined to take on the governing of a group of women, Gilbert, with the approval of Pope Eugene III, continued the Community with the addition of Canons Regular for its spiritual directors and Gilbert as Master General. The Community became known as the Gilbertine Order, the only English religious order originating in the medieval period.

It eventually had twenty-six monasteries which continued in existence until King Henry VIII suppressed monasteries in England. Gilbert imposed a strict rule on his Order and became noted for his own austerities and concern for the poor.

He was imprisoned in 1165 on a false charge of aiding Thomas of Canterbury during the latter’s exile but was exonerated of the charge. He was faced with a revolt of some of his lay brothers when he was ninety, but was sustained by Pope Alexander III. Gilbert resigned his office late in life because of blindness and died at Sempringham. He was canonized in 1202. His feast day is February 4, commemorating his death.

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