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Archive for October, 2013

St. FrumentiusFrom catholic.org

Feastday: October 27

Patron of Aksumite Empire
Died: 380

Called “Abuna” or “the fa­ther” of Ethiopia, sent to that land by St. Athanasius. Saint Frumentius was born in Tyre, Lebanon. While on a voyage in the Red Sea with St. Aedesius, his brother, only Frumentius and Aedesius survived the shipwreck. Taken to the Ethiopian royal court at Aksum, they soon attained high positions. Aedesius was royal cup bearer, and Fruementius was a secretary. They introduced Christianity to that land.

When Abreha and Asbeha inherited the Ethiopian throne from their father, Frumentius went to Alexandria, Egypt, to ask St. Athanasius to send a missionary to Ethiopia. He was consecrated a bishop and converted many more upon his return to Aksum.

SaintFrumentius and Aedesius are considered the apostles of Ethiopia.

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St. EvaristusFrom catholic.org

Feastday: October 26

Died: 107

Not much is known about Saint Evaristus. It is believed that St. Evaristus succeeded St. Clement in the See of Rome in the reign of Trajan and governed the Church about eight years, being the fourth successor of St. Peter.

There are inconsistencies in the various legends known about him. The Liber Pontificalis says that he was the son of a Hellenic Jew of Bethlehem, and, certainly incorrectly, that he divided Rome into several “titles” or Parishes, assigning a priest to each, and appointed seven deacons for the city.

He is usually accorded the title of martyr, but his martyrdom is not proved. It is probable that St. Evaristus was buried near St. Peter’s tomb in the Vatican.

His feast day is October 26th.

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St. AccaFeastday: October 20

660 – 742

Saint Acca was born in Northumbria, England, and was educated in the company of St. Bosa, a Benedictine apostle of great courage. He also met St. Wilfrid, who appointed him the abbot of St. Andrew’s Monastery in Hexham, England.

When St. Wilfred died in 709, St. Acca succeeded him as the bishop of Hexham. He spent his monastic and episcopal years erecting parish churches in the area. He also introduced Christian arts and promoted learning.

Saint Acca was later driven out of Hexham in 732. He retired to a hermitage in Withern, in Galloway. Just before his death in 742 he returned to Hexham and was unanimously revered.
His feast day is October 20.

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St. Laura

St. LauraFeastday: October 19

Died: 864

St. Laura was born in Cordova, Spain and was raised as a Spanish Chirstian in the Muslim dominated area of Spain. She became a nun at Cuteclara after she was widowed, eventually rising to become an abbess.

She was martyred by Moorish captors who scalded her to death by placing her in a vat of boiling lead.
Her feast day is on October 19.

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From catholic.org

Feastday: October 13

1117 – 1191

St. Maurice was a monk of the Cistercian monastery of Langonnet, France, He exhibited great humility, simplicity, and prudence. He was soon chosen to become Langonnet’s abbot. Thereafter he was sent to found a monastery in the forest of Carnoet.

The surrounding woods were menaced by aggressive wolves. Upon being asked by his fellow monks to pronounce an excommunication against all the wolves, Maurice reminded them that wolves and “all beasts created by God” should exist, for “God saw all things which he had made, and they were very good.” But he added, “May Jesus Christ, and his holy Mother, whom I serve, drive out those wolves who rage violently in the slaughter of men.” Shortly afterward, two large wolves were discovered lying dead near the monastery, evidently felled by the abbot’s appeal to Jesus and Mary.

Among the many miracles attributed to the in

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St. Wilfrid

St. WilfridFeastday: October 12

633 – 710

Saint Wilfrid was born in Northumberland in 634. St. Wilfrid was educated at Lindesfarne and then spent some time in Lyons and Rome. Returning to England, he was elected abbot of Ripon in 658 and introduced the Roman rules and practices in opposition to the celtic ways of northern England.

St. Wilfrid was an outstanding personage of his day, extremely capable and possessed of unbounded courage, remaining firm in his convictions despite running afoul of civil and ecclesiastical authorities. He helped bring the discipline of the English Church into line with that of Rome. He was also a dedicated pastor and a zealous and skilled missionary, his brief time spent in Friesland in 678-679 was the starting point for the great English mission to the Germanic peoples of continental Europe.

His feast day is October 12th.

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St. BrunoFrom www. catholic.org

Feastday: October 6

Saint Bruno was born in Cologne of the prominent Hartenfaust family. He studied at the Cathedral school at Rheims, and on his return to Cologne in 1055, was ordained and became a Canon at St. Cunibert’s. He returned to Rheims in 1056 as professor of theology, became head of the school the following year, and remained there until 1074, when he was appointed chancellor of Rheims by its archbishop, Manasses.

Bruno was forced to flee Rheims when he and several other priests denounced Manasses in 1076 as unfit for the office of Papal Legate. Bruno later returned to Cologne but went back to Rheims in 1080 when Manasses was deposed, and though the people of Rheims wanted to make Bruno archbishop, he decided to pursue an eremitical life.

He became a hermit under Abbot St. Robert of Molesmes but then moved on to Grenoble with six companions in 1084. They were assigned a place for their hermitages in a desolate, mountainous, alpine area called La Grande Chartreuse, by Bishop St. Hugh of Grenoble, whose confessor Bruno became.

They built an oratory and individual cells, roughly followed the rule of St. Benedict, and thus began the Carthusian Order. They embraced a life of poverty, manual work, prayer, and transcribing manuscripts, though as yet they had no written rule. The fame of the group and their founder spread, and in 1090, Bruno was brought to Rome, against his wishes, by Pope Urban II as Papal Adviser.

Bruno persuaded Urban to allow him to resume his eremitical state, founded St. Mary’s at La Torre in Calabria, declined the Pope’s offer of the archbishopric of Reggio, became a close friend of Count Robert of Sicily, and remained there until his death on October 6. He wrote several commentaries on the psalms and on St. Paul’s epistles. He was never formally canonized because of the Carthusians’ aversion to public honors but Pope Leo X granted the Carthusians permission to celebrate his feast in 1514, and his name was placed on the Roman calendar in 1623.

His feast day is October 6.

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