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Archive for September, 2012

Feastday: September 30

Apostle of Armenia

Saint Gregory the Enlightener was also surnamed the Illuminator. He is of unknown origins, but unreliable tradition has him the son of Anak, a Parthian who murdered King Khosrov I of Armenia when Gregory was a baby. Gregory was then smuggled to Caesarea to escape the dying Khosrov’s order to murder the entire family.

When King Khosrov’s son, Tiridates, regained his father’s throne, Gregory was permitted to return, but he incurred the King’s displeasure by his support of the Armenian Christians and his conversion activities.

Later, Tiridates was converted to Christianity by Gregory and proclaimed Christianity the official religion of Armenia.

Gregory was consecrated bishop of Ashtishat, set about organizing the Church in Armenia and building a native clergy, and worked untiringly to evangelize the Armenians.

He then retired to a hermitage on Mount Manyea in Taron after making his son as his successor and remained there until his death. Many extravagant legends and miracles were attributed to him, many of which are celebrated as feasts by the Armenians. He is considered the apostle of Armenia. His feast day is September 30th.

 

 

 

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Feastday: September 29

Patron of Travelers

St. Raphael is one of seven Archangels who stand before the throne of the Lord. He was sent by God to help Tobiah and Sarah. Tobiah was betrothed and Sarah had seven bridegrooms who perished on the night of their weddings.

Raphael accompanied Tobiah into Media disguised as a man named Azariah. Raphael helped him through his difficulties and taught him how to safely enter marriage with Sarah. Tobiah said that Raphael caused him to have his wife and that he gave joy to Sarah’s parents for driving out the evil spirit in her.

He also gave Raphael credit for his father’s seeing the light of heaven and for receiving all good things through his intercession.

Raphael is named in several Jewish apocryphal books. Raphael is also honored in Islam as one of the great archangels and is known more commonly as “Israfel” or “Israfil” in Islamic history.

Saint Raphael is also identified as the angel who moved the waters of the healing sheep pool. He is also the patron of the blind, of happy meetings, of nurses, of physicians and of travelers. His feast day is celebrated on September 29th.

 

 

 

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Feastday: September 23

I had heard about St Thecla a lot of times in my childhood but i always picturized her as a man. Turns out it’s the opposite. She was a native of Iconium and belonged to the family of nobles. According to popular belief she was inspired by the preaching of St Paul, so much that she wanted to follow him. She wanted to be a virgin and as a result broke off her engagement so that she can live a life of virginity.

St Paul was prisoned beacuse of his teaching by the governer based on the reports by her family members and St Thecla was ordered to be burned to death so that she will be an example to other nobles to not follow St Paul.

However she did not die, a storm extinguished the flames, and she escaped with Paul and went with him to Antioch. There she was faced with the same troubles and the governer ordered her to be condemned to wild beasts in the arena. But again she escaped when the beasts did no harm to her.

She then rejoined Paul at Myra in Lycia, dressed as a boy, and was commissioned by him to preach the Gospel. She preached for sometime in Iconium and then went back to her home town and converted her her father to Christinity.

She then became a recluse in a cave at Meriamlik near Seleucia. She lived as a hermitess there for the next seventy-two years and died there.

Her feast day is September 23.

 

 

 

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Feastday: September 22

St Maurice is refered in a legend about one of the worst holocaust of ancient times. Maurice was an officer of the Theban Legion of Emperor Maximian Herculius’s army, which was composed of Christians from Upper Egypt. They were asked to assist in putting down an uprising. However when they arrived, they were asked to sacrifice to their gods.

Maurice and his fellow legionnaires refused to sacrifice to the gods as ordered by the Emperor to insure victory over rebelling Bagaudae. When they refused to obey repeated orders to do so and withdrew from the army near Lake Geneva, Maximian had the entire Legion of over six thousand men put to death.

To the end they were encouraged in their constancy by Maurice and two fellow officers, Exuperius and Candidus. Also executed was Victor, who refused to accept any of the belongings of the dead soldiers. Among the troops who were charged with executing this slaughter there were several non-Christians who refused to take part and had been executed as well.

In a follow-up action, other Christians put to death were Ursus and another Victor at Solothurin; Alexander at Bergamo; Octavius, Innocent, Adventor, and Solutar at Turin; and Gereon at Cologne.

Their story was told by St. Eucherius, who became Bishop of Lyons about 434, but scholars doubt that an entire Legion was massacred; but there is no doubt that Maurice and some of his comrades did suffer martyrdom at Agaunum.

Their feast day is September 22nd.

 

 

 

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Feastday: September 15

St Nicomedes was a Roman priest and a martyr. Not much is known of the circumstances of his death. The legend of the martyrdom of Saints Nereus and Achilleus introduces him as a presbyter and places his death at the end of the first century. Other recensions of the martyrdom of St. Nicomedes ascribe the sentence of death to the Emperor Maximianus (beginning of the fourth century).

He was beaten to death with whips after refusing to sacrifice to the gods, After his death he was buried in the catacomb on the Via Nomentana. One tradition states that he buried the remains of St. Felicula and was arrested.

Since 1969, his cult has been confined to local calendars.

 

 

 

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Feastday: September 16

St Cornelius was a roman priest and a Pope. He was elected Pope to succeed Fabian in an election delayed fourteen months by Decius persecution of the Christians. The main issue of his pontificate was the treatment to be accorded Christians who had been apostasized during the persecution.

He condemned those confessors who were lax in not demanding penance of these Christians and supported St. Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, against Novatus and his dupe, Felicissimus, whom he had set up as an antibishop to Cyprian, when Novatus came to Rome.

On the other hand, he also denounced the Rigorists, headed by Novatian, a Roman priest, who declared that the Church could not pardon the lapsi (the lapsed Christians), and declared himself Pope – the first antipope.

The two extremes eventually joined forces, and the Novatian movement had quite a vogue in the East. Meanwhile, Cornelius proclaimed that the Church had the authority and the power to forgive repentant lapsi and could readmit them to the sacraments and the Church after they had performed proper penances.

A synod of Western bishops in Rome in October 251 upheld Cornelius, condemned the teachings of Novatian, and excommunicated him and his followers. When persecutions of the Christians started up again in 253 under Emperor Gallus, Cornelius was exiled to Centum Cellae (Civita Vecchia), where he died a martyr probably of hardships he was forced to endure.

 

 

 

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Feastday: September 9

Patron Saint of Negro Missions
1580 – 1654

St. Peter Claver was born at Verdu, Spain, in 1580, in a prosperous family. He studied at the Jesuit college of Barcelona, entered the Jesuit novitiate at Tarragona in 1602 and took his final vows on August 8th, 1604. While studying philosophy at Majorca, the young religious was influenced by St. Alphonsus Rodriguez to go to the Indies and save “millions of perishing souls.”

In 1610, he landed at Cartagena (Colombia), the principle slave market of the New World, where a thousand slaves were landed every month. After his ordination in 1616, he dedicated himself by special vow to the service of the Negro slaves-a work that was to last for thirty-three years. He labored unceasingly for the salvation of the African slaves and the abolition of the Negro slave trade, and the love he lavished on them was something that transcended the natural order.

Boarding the slave ships as they entered the harbor, he would hurry to the revolting inferno of the hold, and offer whatever poor refreshments he could afford; he would care for the sick and dying, and instruct the slaves through Negro catechists before administering the Sacraments. Through his efforts three hundred thousand souls entered the Church. Furthermore, he did not lose sight of his converts when they left the ships, but followed them to the plantations to which they were sent, encouraged them to live as Christians, and prevailed on their masters to treat them humanely. He died in 1654.

Taken from catholic.org

 

 

 

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